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Geisha Culture and Arts

Maiko 2: FESTIVALS

 

Festival Chapter Links

 

JANUARY     FEBRUARY     MARCH    

 

APRIL     MAY     JUNE    

 

JULY     AUGUST     SEPTEMBER   

 

OCTOBER    NOVEMBER     DECEMBER    

 

ASSIGNMENT

THE TAO TE CHING chapter 9

Fill your bowl to the brim
and it will spill.
Keep sharpening your knife
and it will blunt.
Chase after money and security
and your heart will never unclench.
Care about people's approval
and you will be their prisoner.

Do your work, then step back.
The only path to serenity.

 

 

The music on this pge is "Heaven and Earth" from Relaxing Orient CD

The calendars on this page were retrieved 2/9/08 from http://www.japanvisitor.com

 

IMPORTANCE OF FESTIVALS

The Japanese people love festivals.

There are celebrations for the change of seasons, honoring ancestors and leaders, fertility, religion, cultural heroes, and special personal events.

Festivals bring family and friends together and give a reason to celebrate all the many aspects that make life interesting and meaningful.

Festivals vary in different regions of the country based on local traditions and history. As there is seemingly no end to Japanese Festivals, there are many to choose from for additional study and even to reproduce in Amatsu. The Calendar of Festivals here is not all - inclusive. Many have been eliminated that pertain more to men or fertility rites. Others - though not geisha-related are included to give us a better understanding of the culture. Even the ones that are not geisha-related could be adapted for an Okiya production. So allow yourself come creative license and have fun with this assignment.

Some Definitions

Matsuri       a local festival

Happi coat      period dress worn in processions

Mikoshi        a special decorated palaquin (a covered "chair" carried on the shoulders of attendants) carrying local Shinto Kami

Kami           Shinto gods

Yatai          Street stalls that serve food and drink

Daruma               Japanese wish dolls modeled after Bodhidharma, the founder of Zen

JANUARY

 

 http://www.technogirls.org/enka/index.htm

The San-ga-nichi or "three days" of the New Year, is one of the most important Japanese festivals. The beginning of the New Year is the best time to make sure that good luck and happiness will follow in the days to come. Ancient rituals were designed to make this happen and many of these continue to be practiced today. 

There is a thorough cleaning performed in the home and all things are put into order. Throwing dried peas and beans from the open windows or paper slides (shoji) is believed to chase away evil spirits.  

Houses and gateposts are decorated with straw ropes which are often made to represent lucky Chinese numbers like three, five and seven. Pine tree branches are a very important decoration. They symbolize long life. When the festival is over, they are burned, but the meaning of this has long ago been lost. Sometimes there are festivals for the burning of these pine branches.

The food used in the celebration includes lobsters (their bent and ancient appearance signifies long life), oranges, edible seaweeds, and mirror cakes (associated with the Sun Goddess).

 

Dainichi-do Bugaku

2 January
Kazuno, Akita Prefecture

A series of 11 traditional bugaku dances
held at the venerable Dainichi-do shrine. Though its origins are unclear, the festival is said to be associated with the restoration of the shrine in 718.

Amamehagi
2-6 January

Suzu, Wajima and Monzen, Noto Peninsula, Ishikawa Prefecture
Amamehagi, also known as namahage, visit the houses of young children in order to warn them not be lazy in the new year.

Joma Shinji Festival
5 January

Tsurugaoka Hachimangu Shrine, Kamakura
The Joma Shinji matsuri sees participants dressed as samurai warriors shoot arrows at a 60 cm target, with the Chinese character for oni written on the back. Each successful shot drives away the devils.

Shorin-zan Daruma-ichi
6-7 January
Hanadaka-machi, Takasaki, Gunma Prefecture

Thousands gather throughout the day and the night to pray for good luck and to buy daruma dolls for the coming year. The first and largest daruma
festival in Japan.

Usokae Onisube
7 January
Dazaifu Tenmangu, Dazaifu, Fukuoka Prefecture

In the evening, visitors gather around a dying bonfire to exchange carved wooden usokae (bullfinches), hoping to end up with one of the gilt wooden carvings circulated by disguised shrine officials. The intent is to exhange 'lies for truth' since uso also means 'lie'.

Gion Kobu

January 7

Maiko and geisha assemble together at the Nyokobo Academy and promise to do all they can in the coming year to improve their performance skills. Taking formal vows together is fairly common in Japanese life.

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FEBRUARY

Before the year is over
"Spring Begins" comes
The year is not over
It is still the year
 
Oni wa Soto! Fuku wa Uchi!    
 
 
The Festival Calendar for FEBRUARY

Abashiri Okhotsk Drift Ice Festival
Early February
Abashiri, Hokkaido
Son et Lumiere events, ice sculptures and fireworks feature at this frosty winter festival.

Mombetsu Drift Ice Festival

Early to Mid February
Mombetsu, Hokkaido
Attractions include a giant slide made from natural ice, an endurance competition and a bobsled race.

Iwate Yukimatsuri

Early to Mid February
Shizukuishi-cho, Iwate Prefecture
A 'bewitching winter wonderland' of snow and ice statues illuminated at night. One of the biggest snow festivals in the Tohoku region.

Kurokawa Noh
1-2 February
Kasuga Shrine, Kushibiki, Yamagata Prefecture
Ceremonial parades and seven sacred noh plays mark the beginning of the new year, traditionally celebrated a month later in this area.

Naritasan Setsubun-e
3 February
Shinsho-ji Temple, Narita, Chiba Prefecture
Major bean-throwing festival held at the head temple of the Shingon Buddhist sect. Attracts top sumo wrestlers and famous entertainers every year.

Takisanji Oni Festival

3 February
Takisan-ji Temple, Okazaki, Aichi Prefecture
Three goblins dressed as grand-father, mother and child are chased by young men with torches.

Nishiarai Daruma Kuyo
3 February
Nishiarai Daishi Temple, Adachi, Tokyo
One of Japan's largest daruma burning festivals.

Tsuina Ceremony
3 February
Nagata Jinja, Kobe, Hyogo Prefecture
Seven youths dressed as demons and wielding torches dance to the sound of conches and drums

Kasuga Taisha Mandoro
3 February
Kasuga Taisha Shrine, Nara
At this twice-yearly festival, the shrine's thousands of stone lanterns as well as it's famous bronze hanging lanterns are all lit to magical effect.

Ushikae Shinji
3 February
Hofu Tenmangu Shrine, Hofu, Yamaguchi Prefecture
All Tenmangu shrines are associated with bulls and at this major shrine festival, local business donate many cow-related prizes made from gold, copper and silver. Top prize though is live bull that the winner has to look after until the autumn.

Hakodate Yuki no Saiten
1-2 February
Hakodate, Hokkaido
Ice sculptures and illuminations as well as winter sports.

Setsubun

2-4 FebruaryJapanese families celebrate this festival by tossing beans out the windows to keep evil spirits outside (soto) and invite good fortune inside (uchi). The maiko and geisha celebrate by entertaining in bizarre costumes. This is like a carnival time. Cross-dressing, alcohol, big party.

Yuki no Carnival
5-6 February
Unazaki Onsen, Toyama Prefecture
Local winter festival featuring snow and ice sculptures, fireworks and 100 torch-bearing skiers forming a night time procession down the slopes.

Shiretoko Fantasia 2003
1 February - 8 March
Shiretoko, Hokkaido
A nightly aurora borealis-inspired laser light and music show illuminates the drift ice and the crashing waves of the Okhotsk Sea.

Matsushima Kaki Matsuri
6 February
Matsushima, Miyagi Prefecture
Celebrates the local speciality of kaki (oysters) with Buddhist ceremonies and 100m long grill in the beachside park in Matsushima Bay

for visitors to cook fish bought at the market. Oysters usually sell out by the afternoon.

Tako-ichi
6 February
Oji Inari Shrine, Kita-ku, Tokyo
Annual kite market dating back to the Edo Period (1603-1867) when kites were said to 'cut the wind' and thus stop fires from spreading.

Onda Matsuri
6 February
Asukamura, Nara Prefecture
Though formally known as the O-tauesai, or rice-planting festival, this is also a celebration of fertility.

Kaki Matsuri
February
Various locations, Hiroshima Prefecture
Hiroshima is famous for its oysters and throughout February, oyster festivals are held in Hiroshima city, Miyajima Island and fishing towns along the coast where you can sample a range of oyster and fresh fish dishes.

Hatsu-umasai
6 February
Yutoku Inari Jinja, Kashima, Saga Prefecture
A parade of hundreds in festival dress led by horses with colourful headgear and saddles. Horses and people alike dance mambo-fashion while thousands look on.

Shusho Oni-e
6 February
Tennen-ji Temple, Bungo Takada, Oita Prefecture
Men dressed as oni (demons) act wildly and prod people's backs with burnt out torches. This is said to expel evil spirits and townspeople bend over to receive the demons' blessing until late at night.

Sapporo Yukimatsuri
7-13 February (dates may vary)                                       
Odori Park, Sapporo, Hokkaido
The largest of Hokkaido's winter snow and ice festivals. Teams from all over the world come to build snow statues for the International Snow Statue Contest held during the festival.

Sapporo.

Agon Shu Hoshi Matsuri
11 February, Yamashina,
Kyoto
New Buddhist sect (established 1978) Agon Shu's Hoshi Matsuri or "Fire Rites Festival" involves the lighting of two huge bonfires of millions of prayer sticks - gomagi and the procession of supposed relics of the historic Buddha.

Asahikawa Fuyu Matsuri
7-11 February
Asahikawa, Hokkaido
Hosts the world's foremost ice sculpture competition and holds the record for the largest snow statue in the world. Many sculptures and snow slides all illuminated at night.

Toka-machi Yukimatsuri
mid February
Tokamachi, Niigata Prefecture
Japan's longest-running snow festival featuring many sculptures. Also showcases the work of Niigata Prefecture's renowned kimono makers.

Akiyoshidai Yamayaki
16 February
Akiyoshidai, Yamaguchi Prefecture
Dry grass on the slopes of the mountain is burned to signal the beginning of spring.

Kariwano Otsunahiki
15 February
Kariwano, Akita Prefecture
Annual tug of war contest between the people of the 'lower' and the 'upper' towns. Thousands take part pulling on each end of a rice-straw rope over 50m in length.

Yuki Toro Matsuri
10-13 February
Hirosaki, Aomori Prefecture
Yuki toro (snow lanterns) are snow sculptures in the shape of traditional Japanese ishidoro (stone lanterns). At this festival, around two hundred yuki toro and 300 miniature igloos grace Hirosaki park with the snow-covered castle in the background.

Shinwa no Takachiho Kenkoku Matsuri
11 February
Takachiho, Miyazaki Prefecture
Celebrates the mythical 'founding of the nation' day with a 'goddess' contest and a beard contest. The winners lead a parade of 800 people dressed as Japanese gods.

Chousho-ji Aragyo
12 February
Chousho-ji, Kanazawa, Kanagawa Prefecture
Priests chant sutras and pray for peace while dousing themselves in cold water.

Namahage Sedo Matsuri
13-15 February
Akita Prefecture
Blending Shinto and local folk traditions, this festival starts with ceremonial kagura dances and continues with namahage dancing around a bonfire and a torchlit procession down the mountain.

Kamakura Festival
15-16 February
Yokote, Akita Prefecture
Local people build kamakura (snow houses) all over the town and offer food and drink to guests.

Kuromori Kabuki
15, 17 February
Kuromori, Yamagata Prefecture
For 250 years, local performers have been performing kabuki on an outdoor stage. The families of actors make up much of the audience which gives the event a festive atmosphere.

Hachinohe Enburi
17-20 February
Hachinohe, Aomori
Local folk dance festival that dates back when people with no experience of farming were taught how to work in the fields through dancing with a tool called an eburi (later enburi).

Tanigumi Odori
18 February
Tanigumi-mura, Gifu Prefecture
A celebration dance first performed during the Kamakura Period (1192-1333) by victorious samurai of the Minamoto clan. Dancers wearing long, brightly-coloured plumes on their backs and beat large drums while parading in the streets.

Baikasai
25 February
Kitano Tenmangu Shrine, Kyoto
A tea party hosted by Kyoto maiko and geiko is held amongst the blossoming plum trees at
Kitano Tenmangu Shrine.

Katsuyama Sagichosai
last weekend of February
Katsuyama, Fukui Prefecture
Traditional music is performed almost continuously on 12 stages set up in different locations to showcase talent from each part of the town but the highlight of the festival is the closing dondo-yaki ceremony at which the towns new year's decorations are burned.

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MARCH

The Festival Calendar for March

Awashima Jinja Grand Festival
1-3 March
Uto, Kumamoto Prefecture

At only 30cm tall, the torii gate of this shrine is the smallest in Japan. It is said that women who are able to pass through the gate will deliver children safely and not suffer women's illnesses.

Todai-ji Shunie
1-14 March
Todai-ji Temple, Nara
Festival of water and fire. Priests conduct a fire ceremony every evening from 6pm, swinging long torches in the air to ward off evil. At 2am on the 13th, water is drawn from the 1200 year-old well and offered to visitors.

Water-drawing Ceremony
2 March
Jingu Temple, Obama, Fukui Prefecture

Water is drawn from the Onyu River and presented to the principal image of the temple. Said to represent the 'sending' of water to Todai-ji temple in Nara whose well is fed by the river according to legend. A ritual dating back over 1200 years.

Kyokusui no Utage
2 March
Dazaifu Tenmangu, Dazaifu, Fukuoka Prefecture

Recreates a popular leisure pursuit of court nobles in the Heian Period (794-1192). Poets dressed in Heian-style kimono sit amongst the plum trees, composing poems on narrow strips of paper that they slip into sake cups floating by in nearby the stream.

Hina Matsuri
3 March
Hokyo-ji Temple, Kyoto

Hina Matsuri (Doll Festival), held every year on March 3, has its roots in an ancient Chinese purification ceremony in which evil was transferred to doll surrogates (katashiro) which were then cast away on a river. Hokyo-ji is often referred to as the 'Doll Temple' due to its extensive collection of dolls.

Goods From Japan - buy kimono, yukata and happi coats.

Hina Matsuri
3 March
Ichihime Jinja, Kyoto

Participants dress in models of dolls' clothing.

Hina Matsuri
3 March
Shimogama Jinja, Kyoto

Dolls are cast adrift on the river that runs through the shrine to pray for children's health.

Hina Nagashi Matsuri
3 March
Awashima Jinja, Kada, Wakayama

Women and young girls dedicate dolls to the shrine diety. The dolls are brought to the sea at Kada beach and cast adrift on a boat to take away the evil and sicknesses that aflict women.

Jindai-ji Daruma-ichi
3-4 March
Jindai-ji Temple, Choufu, Tokyo

Annual festive market selling all kinds of Daruma dolls for good luck.

Shimabara Hatsuichi
3-10 March
Shimabara, Nagasaki Prefecture

Festive market to commemorate the construction of Shimabara castle. Ceramicware, plants, food and much more on offer.

Kirishima Jingu Otaue-sai
6 March
Kirishima Jingu Shrine, Kirishima, Kagoshima Prefecture

Ceremonial rice planting festival to mark the beginning of Spring. Features time-honoured kagura dances and bugaku court music.

Takaosan Hiwatari Matsuri
9 March
Hachioji, Tokyo

A chance to witness the rigorous ascetic exercises of the mountain priests of Takao-san such as walking on hot coals. 

Shiogama Jinja Hote Festival
10 March
Shiogama, Miyagi Prefecture

Lively mikoshi parades and Shinto music and dance all day.

Hatsuuma Taisai
16 March
Takekoma Jinja, Miyagi, Iwanuma

Mikoshi parades and a procession of 700 in period dress.

Oumihachiman Sagicho Matsuri
15-16 March
Oumihachiman Shrine, Hachiman, Shiga Prefecture

Gaily decorated floats parade around the city streets before being ritually burned to the accompaniment of dancing and music.

Oidematsuri
18-23 March

Hakui, Ishikawa Prefecture
Horse-back archery contests and a parade in ceremonial dress.

March 20, Oishi Kuranosuke Commemoration:

The head of the Inoue School dances at the Ichirikitei ochaya to honor the hero of the epic tale of samurai, Chuushingura, or "The Tale of the Forty-Seven Masterless Samurai." This is a true tale of bloody revenge that portrays the samurai as he is meant to be.

Aizu higan shishi
21 March
Aizu wakamatsu, Fukushima Prefecture

Lion dances are performed around the city marking the end of the long winter and the Buddhist services of the equinoctial week.

Kirishima Nanohana Flower Walk
Late March
Kirishima Jingu, Kagoshima Prefecture

Taking place on the last Saturday of March, an exploration of Kirishima's beautiful flora.


 

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APRIL

April, The Cherry Dances: Known as the Miyako odori, this is Gion Kobu's premier public performance, it lasts throught the month. It has eight dance pieces, with kabuki themes and all with a seasonal flavor. The Minamoto Yoshitsune story is one that is enacted.

April, Kyo-olori and Ktano-odori: Myagawa-cho's and Kami Shichiken's annual dance performances respectively. The Kyo-odori festival features traditional folk songs and many of the local people attend.

Miyako odori
1-30 April
Kobu Kaburenjo Theatre, Kyoto

A highly-anticipated annual showcase of
geiko (geisha) dances and music. A rare chance to see these skilled artists perform in public.

Onbashira Festival
April/May (every 7 years)
Suwa Taisha Shrine, Suwa, Nagano

Held once every seven years in the Year of the Tiger and Year of the Monkey (2004 was the latest) this amazing and sometimes dangerous festival takes place over the course of a month in April and May. The first part of the festival 'Yamadashi' held in early April sees the giant fir trees, weighing over 10 tons, pulled from the forest and hauled with straw ropes across freezing rivers to the town. In the second part of the festival 'Satobiki' the trees are paraded through Suwa to the local shrines: Kami-sha and Shimo-sha (upper & lower shrines). During 'Yamadashi', local men clad in happi-coats and tanked with sake ride the huge logs 'onbashira' down the steep slopes in Shimosuwa. Over the years there have been a number of deaths and the log riding is strictly reserved for locals only. The next festival will take place in Heisei 22, or 2010.

Ose Matsuri
4 April
Ose Shrine, Shizuoka Prefecture

Unique festival in which men dressed in women's clothes dance a lively jig on board a boat afloat in the harbour which is festooned with flags and streamers. Taiko groups play their drums and many stalls sell local produce.

Nagashi Bina
Mochigase, Tottori Prefecture

To mark the melting of the snows and the beginning of spring, paper or toy dolls are floated down rivers. Once popular during the Heian Period (794-1192), this tradition can now only be seen in a few places.

Matsuyama Haru Matsuri
4-6 April
Matsuyama, Ehime Prefecture

Spring celebrations incorporating the Matsuyama Castle festival and the Dogo Hot Springs festival. Events including period dress parades, dances, noh plays and rice-throwing for longevity.

Zen Nihon Chindon Concours
4-6 April
Toyama City, Toyama Prefecture

An annual get together for Japan's remaining Chindon (professional 'musicians' employed to advertise new store openings). Noisy and fun.

Inuyama Matsuri
5-6 April
Inuyama, Aichi Prefecture

Annual parade of floats carrying centuries old, elaborately-made mechanical dolls. They perform to the sound of traditional music played on flutes and drums.

Himesama douchu
5-6 April
Hosoe, Shizuoka Prefecture

Traditional dress parades featuring many women and girls in stunning kimono and full make-up accompanied by servants and attendants. Held annually on the first weekend of April.

Katori Jingu Otaue-sai
5-6 April
Sawara, Chiba Prefecture

Rice planting festival accompanied by ritual song and dance. Coincides with cherry blossom season making the event all the more colourful. Held annually on the first Saturday and Sunday of April.

Shingenko Matsuri
5 April
Kofu, Yamanashi Prefecture

Festival to honor Takeda Shingen, a famous warlord of the Sengoku Era and the founder of Kofu. The highlight of the festival is a parade recreating the Takeda Army with more than 1,500 local citizens dressed in authentic costume. Held every year on a Saturday in early-mid April.

Kambutsue Matsuri
8 April
Shitennoji, Tennoji, Osaka

April 8 is celebrated as the Buddha's birthday throughout Japan with a baptism ceremony where sweet tea - amacha - is poured over a statue of Buddha.

Yasurai Matsuri
11 April
Imamiya Jinja, Kyoto

Festival dating back to a ninth century plague. Around 30 people dressed in period costume carry a decorated canopy with four "demons", when the procession stops spectators rush to get under the canopy to protect themselves from ill-health.

Mino Festival
12-13 April
Mino, Gifu Prefecture

A parade of colourful hanamikoshi (flower floats) takes place on the first day followed by an evening of streetside comedy with teams of amateur comedians wheeling props around in carts and performing wherever they find an audience. A parade of wheeled floats takes place on Sunday followed by more of the same. Held annually on the second weekend of April.

Asanogawa Enyukai
12-13 April
Kanazawa, Ishikawa Prefecture

Festival to coincide with the blossoming of the cherry trees on the banks of the Asano river. Traditional dances and other entertainments are held on a floating stage.

Oh-chamori
12-13 April
Saidai-ji Temple, Nara

A 700-year-old tradition in which participants help each other drink tea from an oversized tea cup. Held annually on the 2nd Saturday and Sunday of April as well as on the second Sunday in October.

Hiyoshi Taisha Sannousai
12-15 March
Otsu, Shiga Prefecture

The annual festival reaches its climax after 3 days when 4 huge mikoshi are aggressively shaken by bearers in a vigorous and dramatic manner. Coincides with the blossoming of the cherry trees in the shrine precincts.

Kasama Tsutsuji Matsuri
12 April - 11 May
Kasama, Ibaraki Prefecture

Azalea festival celebrating the blossoming of approximately 35,000 azalea trees. Attracts 3 million visitors annually.

Kamakura Festival
13-20 April
Kamakura, Kanagawa Prefecture

Festival commemorating the establishment of a bakufu (shogunate) government at Kamakura in the late 12th century. Events including Shinto dances, yabusame and mikoshi parades take place from the second to the third Sunday in April.

Takayama Spring Festival
14-15 April
Takayama, Gifu Prefecture

Widely considered to be one of the three most beautiful festivals in all Japan. Rightly famous are the majestic festival floats on which intricately controlled marionettes perform for stunned audiences. Also features gagaku & bugaku and kagura (Shinto music and dance). The festival is designated an important cultural asset by the government. Sight-seers gather outside Takayama jinja - a local government office during the Edo period.

Hikiyama Matsuri
14-16 April
Nagahama, Shiga Prefecture

Unique festival in which children perform kabuki plays on extravagantly decorated festival floats as they are pulled around the town.

Nikko Yayoisai
17 April
Futaarasan Shrine, Nikko, Tochigi Prefecture

Gaily decorated mikoshi representing 13 neighbouring towns are paraded around historical Nikko.

Hojo-e Matsuri
17 April
Kofukuji, Nara

Carp are released in to the Sarusaono Lake in the belief that suffering is also thrown away with the fish.

Ushibuka Haiya Matsuri
18-20 April
Ushibuka, Kumamoto Prefecture

One of the liveliest dance festivals in Kyushu. Incorporates elements, brought over by boat from festivals from all over Japan. It was originally thought up by fishermen who had nothing to do but sit and drink when the southern wind set in. Held on the third weekend of April.

Ningen Shogi
19-20 April
Maizuru Koen, Tendo, Yamagata Prefecture

Top-ranking shogi (Japanese chess) players play games using people dressed in full traditional military garb as pieces. Held in the Maizuru Forest Park with views of Mt. Gassan in the background.

Oiran Dochu
20 April
Bunsui, Niigata Prefecture

Annual procession featuring women in sumptuous period kimono and full make-up. Recreates the common Edo Period (1603-1867) sight of courtesans parading the streets with their attendants.

 

Renge-mai (Lotus Dance)
21 April
Kokubun-ji, Saigo, Oki Islands, Shimane Prefecture

Performance of an ancient dance which first came to Okibun-ji Temple during the Nara Period (709-795 AD). This dance, said to be the origin of Japanese religious performing arts such as kagura and noh, now survives only in Oki and in the Imperial Court itself.

Hirosaki Sakura Matsuri
23 April - 5 May
Hirosaki, Aomori Prefecture

Celebrates the blossoming of the 5,000 cherry trees in the castle grounds with traditional events during the days and illuminations at night.

Shinkosai
25 April
Matsuo Taisha Shrine, Kyoto

A thousand year old festival dedicated to the god of sake-brewing. There is a mikoshi procession and participants hold up maks of the deity on long sticks.

Nagasaki Tall Ships Festival
25-29 April
Nagasaki Harbour

Sailing festival with famous sailing boats representing Japan, China and Korea as well as European countries conduct manoeuvres in the harbour.

Kamikochi Mountain Opening Festival
27 April
Kamikochi, Nagano Prefecture

Festival to mark the opening of the mountain climbing season in Kamikochi featuring ceremonies devoted to the safety of climbers and many entertainments.

 

picture: Kappabashi Bridge

Togyu Taikai
27 April (and 3-5 May)

Tokunoshima Island, Kagoshima Prefecture
Traditional bullfighting event in which two bulls are pitted against each other in a test of strength. Unlike Spanish bullfighting, the animals are not wounded and are not killed.

Hidaka Hibuse Matsuri
28-29 April
Mizusawa, Iwate Prefecture

Festive floats tour the town carrying about 40 child musicians playing flutes, drums and shamisen. Starts from Hidaka Shrine at 8.30 am and continues until 9pm. All in aid of praying for safety from fire.

Uesugi Matsuri
29 April - 3 May
Yonezawa, Yamagata Prefecture

Musical parades, ceremonies and other festive events take over the whole town throughout the period. The spectacular climax is a recreation of the famous battle of Kawanakajima which involves flintlock guns and thousands of local people dressed in period armour.

Arita Ceramics Fair
29 April - 5 May
Arita, Saga Prefecture

The largest ceramic fair in Japan. Hundreds of stalls line both sides of the main street in Arita selling a wide variety of pottery at bargain prices.

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MAY

 

On May 5, the Japanese celebrate Tango no Sekku, or the Boys' Festival. The intention of the festival is to exemplify war-like qualities in Japanese youth. Flags are seen everywhere. Especially the carp-shaped paper flag. The wind blows through the hollow flag giving it the appearance of flying through the air. The carp represents the spirit of warfare - tenacity, purpose, perstence and courage. The message is just as the carp swims upstream against the current, so must the Japanese fight against the fierce odds and currents of adversity. This may take from mythology were a DRAGON CARP struggled long and prevailed by swimming past the great Dragon Gate rapids, lived a thousand years and finally rose into the sky. Iris leaves als adorn the roofs of the houses so that the flags made by humans and the "flags" of nature are seen together. Another popular name for this time is the FEAST of FLAGS.

Boys are presented with small figures representing great heroes of the past. Ancient swords, bows and arrows, spears etc are handed down from generation to generation.

May, Kamogawa-odori: Ponto-cho's annual dance performance.

The Festival Calendar for MAY

Yotaka Matsuri
1-2 May
Fukuno, Toyama Prefecture

Night festival of colourful floats consisting of giant, decorative paper lanterns. At around midnight, the lanterns begin to be paraded around town with local men hanging from them who start battles whenever other floats come close.

Nozaka Mairi
1-10 May
Daito City, Osaka Prefecture

Thousands gather on the approach to Nozaka Kannon Temple to enjoy puppet
plays, storytelling and a range of other classical arts and festival amusements.

Fujiwara Festival
1-5 May
Hiraizumi, Iwate Prefecture

The main event is a period dress parade on the 3rd recreating the arrival of Minamoto Yoshitsune and his entourage when he came to Hiraizumi to seek the protection of Fujiwara Hidehira.

Tarui Hikiyama Matsuri
2-4 May
Tarui, Gifu Prefecture

This festival features floats known as Hikiyama. Children in full make up and costume perform Kabuki plays on stages built in to these lavishly decorated three-storied festival floats.

Shimonoseki Straits Festival
3 May
Shimonoseki, Yamaguchi Prefecture

Many colourful events including recreations of a samurai era sea battle involving about 200 boats, the famous duel between Miyamoto Musashi and Sasaki Kojiro and a colourful parade of courtesans.

Yokohama Port Festival
3 May
Yokohama Port

Parades, dances
and entertainments all with an international flavour. Features dragon dances, baton twirlers and decorated festival floats.

Odawara Hojo Godai Matsuri
3 May
Odawara, Kanagawa Prefecture

Shinto ceremony, parades of warriors in full period dress, traditional music
and mikoshi parades.

Kamezaki Shiohi Matsuri
3-4 May
Handa, Aichi Prefecture

A gathering of 31 antique dashi, (drawn festival floats). These remarkable wooden constructions are towed around town and then down to the beach where they are pulled through the shallows at low tide.

Hakata Dontaku
3-4 May
Hakata (Fukuoka), Fukuoka Prefecture

Large scale festival with history going back nearly 800 years. Colourful and musical parades and events all over the downtown area city. Attracts 2 million people annually.

Giant Kite Festival
3-5 May
Showa, Saitama Prefecture

Giant decorated kites
(up to 15m in length) are flown on the banks of the dry riverbed of the Edo River.

Togyu Taikai
3-5 May (and 27 April)
Tokunoshima Island, Kagoshima Prefecture

Traditional bullfighting event in which two bulls are pitted against each other in a test of strength. Unlike Spanish bullfighting, the animals are not wounded and are not killed.

Hamamatsu Festival
3-5 May
Hamamatsu, Shizuoka Prefecture

Local teams fly huge decorated kites, attempting to bring kites of other teams to the ground. Accompanied by assorted events, traditional and otherwise, including sacred dances, parades and taiko drumming.

Hiroshima Flower Festival
3-5 May
Hiroshima

Festival for peace featuring flowers, music and a wide range of fun and entertainments
. Attracts visitors from all over the world.

Kutani Chawan Matsuri
3-5 May
Terai, Ishikawa Prefecture

Dozens of stalls selling kutani pottery
set up in the grounds of Terai Town Hall and the Sano Kutani Museum. Many events related to kutani pottery also take place.

Seihakusai
3-5 May
Nanao, Ishikawa Prefecture

Features a parade of three enormous dashi, (drawn festival floats) each around 20m in height and weighing around 20 tons. Known locally as dekayama (giant mountains), these floats are built entirely from wood, bamboo and rope and without the use of nails.

Shio no Michi Festival
3-5 May
Omachi, Nagano Prefecture

A procession of local people, dressed in traditional costumes, visit historical spots on the route of the Shio no Michi (Salt Route), a historical road that was once an important trade route.

Okinohata Suitengu Festival
3-5 May
Yanagawa, Fukuoka Prefecture

Three days of festival music and ceremonies are held on a floating stage made from canal boats tied together with stalls and other festivities on the banks.

Sea Bream Netting Festival
3-31 May
Fukuyama, Hiroshima Prefecture

See demonstrations of this centuries old method of fishing on specially prepared tourist boats during the period.

Ageuma Shinji
4-5 May
Tado Shrine, Kuwana, Mie Prefecture

The ageuma (rising horse) ritual involves young horseback riders in samurai armour riding horses up a steep 3m high cliff. It is traditionally believed to predict the success of the coming year's harvest. The festival also includes a procession of a boy on horseback and retainers in period costume. 14-year-old Daita - chosen to perform the ritual.

Yabusame Matsuri
4-6 May
Sengen Taisha Shrine, Fujinomiya, Shizuoka Prefecture

Demonstrations of yabusame, traditional japanese horseback archery

Play a gave of virtual yabusame!

http://web-japan.org/kidsweb/virtual/yabusame/yabusame02.html

Sagami Giant Kite Festival
5 May
Sagami, Kanagawa Prefecture

Held on the banks of the Sagami River, this is an annual event at which a giant (14m long) kite is flown by a team of nearly 100 people.

Kotohira-gu Shugiku
5 May
Kotohira, Kagawa Prefecture
Kemari, a ritual game of kick-ups played by priests in Heian Period (794-1192) robes, is played in the grounds of this famous shrine.

Nihon Dowasai
5 May
Kusu, Oita Prefecture

An event held in the memory of Takehiko Kurushima, a writer of children's stories who lived in this town. Various events for children to participate in such as a festival parade and kids' sumo wrestling
.

Kanda Festival
The Saturday and Sunday closest to 15 May
Kanda Myojin Shrine, Tokyo

Floats, wagons filled with dancers, and around 200 mikoshi are paraded through a large area of downtown Tokyo in honour of the deities of the Kanda Shrine, shinto priests on horseback accompany the parade. The main Kanda matsuri is held once every two years in odd-numbered years, while festivals held in even-numbered years are on a smaller scale.

Takigi Noh Performance
11 & 12 May, 4-9pm

Kofuku-ji Temple and Kasuga Shrine, Nara
Performance of traditional noh theatre held outdoors lit only by torchlight.

Johana Hikiyama Festival
14-15 May
Johana, Toyama Prefecture

A parade of six intricately carved and lacquered floats, each the work of skilled local craftsmen. These are joined by Iori yatai floats that carry musicians
playing folk tunes.

Otabi Festival
14-18 May
Komatsu, Ishikawa Prefecture

Kabuki is performed by children on eight festival floats parading around the town led by children performing lion dances.

Sanjo Matsuri
15 May
Sanjo Niigata Prefecture

Features a parade of hundreds of local people dressed as warriors and attendants. Recreating the clan lord's journeys to Edo Castle during the Edo Period (1603-1867).

Aoi Festival
15 May
Kamigamo Shrine, Kyoto

The Aoi (hollyhock) Festival is a solemn and formal parade dating back over 1,000 years, involving 500 people in full Heian Period court dress. An ox drawn cart is led to Kamigamo Shrine from the Imperial Palace (Gosho) where Shinto rituals take place. Sacred dances and music are performed on the way. Known as the world's oldest festival, dating from the mid 6th century.

Kurofune Matsuri
16-18 May
Shimoda, Shizuoka Prefecture

Many events of both a traditional and an international flavour as this is a festival to mark the coming of the kurofune (black ships) led by Commodore Matthew Perry who arrived here in 1854 to demand that Japanese ports be opened to American trade.

Sanja Matsuri
16-21 May
Asakusa, Tokyo

One of the largest mikoshi parades of all Japanese festivals. A parade of about 100 portable shrines centered on Sensoji Temple. Many geisha 
as well as others dressed in traditional costumes also take part. Attracts 2 million spectators every year.

Kobe Matsuri
16-18 May
Kobe

Citizens' festival featuring parades during the day and in the evening, samba dancing and a fireworks display held out over the harbour.

Tosho-gu Grand Festival
16-18 May
Nikko, Tochigi Prefecture

Nikko's most important annual festival, featuring yabusame (horseback archery) and a 1000 strong costumed re-enactment of the delivery of Tokugawa Ieyasu's remains to Nikko.

Aoba Festival
17-18 May
Sendai, Miyagi Prefecture

2-day people's festival packed with events such as mikoshi parades, a flea market, warrior processions, taiko drumming and street dancing.

Kawawatari Jinkosai
17-18 May
Tagawa, Fukuoka Prefecture

Thrilling traditional festival during which ten teams carrying richly-decorated mikoshi participate in races, ending in a hectic crossing of the Hikosan River in the afternoon of both days.

Mifune Boat Festival
3rd Sunday
Arashiyama, Kyoto

Thirty boats carrying participants in court dress of the Heian Period (794-1192) travel upstream on the Oi River. Leading the way are three boats carrying players performing noh dramas, gagaku musicians and shrine maidens respectively. A group of poets, dressed in ancient ceremonial robes, compose and recite symbolic verses of 17 syllables (haiku
). Offerings of any impromptu poem to the deity of Kurumazaki shrine (075 861 0039) will be welcomed.

Uchiwa Maki
19 May
Toshodai-ji Temple, Nara

Buddhist ceremonies and performances of court music and dance held before the main event when thousands of specially prepared paper fans are thrown into the crowd. The fans are kept as good luck charms for the coming year.

Mikuni Festival
19-21 May
Mikuni, Fukui Prefecture

One of the largest festivals in the Hokuriku region. Features a parade of unique festival floats each decorated with ornately decorated, giant effigies of famous samurai warriors.

Aioi Peiron Festival
24-25 May
Aioi, Hyogo Prefecture

Harbour festival with teams of oarsmen and women competing in longboat races. Also features street parades, dancing and fireworks.

Nanko Matsuri
24-26 May
Minatogawa Jinja Shrine, Kobe

A memorial service for the spirit of Masashige Kusunoki, the enshrined deity of Minatogawa Jinja. Many visitors come for the shigin contest (recitation of Chinese-style poems), and for the rice-cake scattering event.

Bakemono Matsuri
25 May
Tsuruoka, Yamagata Prefecture

Participants wearing costumes and hats which hide their faces wander around downtown Tsuruoka giving out sake to passers by. It's said that if you participate for three years without being recognized then your wishes will come true. Properly known as the Tenjin Festival.

Soga no Kasayaki
28 May
Jyozen-ji Temple, Odawara, Kanagawa Prefecture

Various ceremonies and attractions including sumo wrestlers scattering rice cakes and money, a ritual burning of old paper umbrellas, a children's parade, a warriors parade and a children's sumo wrestling competition.

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JUNE

June, Dances of the Six Districts: This is a two day event held at Kyoto Kaikan Hall. All five geisha districts are involved. The grand finale is a dance performed by the combined maiko.

Takigi Noh Performance
1-2 June
Heian Shrine, Kyoto

Noh performances illuminated by blazing torches with the classic architecture of the Heian Shrine
and the Higashiyama hills in the background. The only unreserved seats are the mats and benches at ground level.

Kaiko Kinenbi (Yokohama Port Opening Festival)
1-2 June
Minato Mirai and Rinko Park, Yokohama

Annual celebrations marking the opening of Yokohama Port. Festivities include boat races, processions, music
, dancing and a marketplace.

Enshu Hamakita Hiryu Matsuri
1st Sat and Sun of June
Hamamatsu City

The festival honors Ryujin, the god of the Tenryu River, and includes kite flying
in Hamakita (Hamakita Takoage), a fire-festival parade of a flying dragon's head (Hiryu Himatsuri) and performances of Japanese drums (taiko). The festival celebrates water, sound and flame.

Rice Planting Festival
14 June
Sumiyoshi Shrine, Osaka

Major rice-planting festival that dates back more than 1,700 years. 12 women ritually plant rice seedlings in the shrine's paddy field to the accompaniment of traditional music and rice-planting folk songs
.

Chagu-Chagu Umakko (Horse Festival)
Mid June
Onikoshisozen Shrine, Takizawamura, Morioka, Iwate Prefecture

This region is famous for its horses and this festival was originally conceived by horse breeders who wished to pray for long and happy lives for their animals. Features a parade of colourfully dressed horses ridden by local children. Around 80-100 horses usually take part dressed in konida costumes (worn by the horses of daimyo - feudal lords - in the Edo Period). At the end of the parade, prayers are offered for a bountiful rice harvest and thanks are given to the horses. The name of the festival comes from the noise made by the bells (chagu chagu) on the horses' harnesses (umakko) and the event is designated as a national intangible folklore cultural asset.

Aoba Matsuri
15th June
Chisaku-in, Kyoto

Celebrating the birth of Kukai (aka Kobo Daishi, 774-835), the founder of the Shingon sect of Japanese Buddhism, priests and yamabushi (mountain ascetics) turn out in full regalia for a series of purification rites and an ancient fire ceremony.

Takekiri Eshiki Matsuri
20th June
Kuramadera, Kyoto

'Bamboo-cutting' festival where two teams of monks race to cut four bamboo poles representing evil serpents into three pieces.

Yosakoi Soran Matsuri
18-23 June
Sapporo

A festival of folk dance
that turns the whole of Sapporo into a stage. In 2000 it attracted 375 teams totalling 38,000 dancers from all over Japan and enough visitors to more than double the population of the city. Dance groups perform in the streets all over the city and stirring music based on the Soranbushi folksong of Hokkaido can be heard on every corner.

Itoman Hare
Mid-June
Itoman, Okinawa

The most famous of Okinawa's Hare, or dragon boat racing, festivals in which colourfully decorated boats made from lightweight wood are raced by teams of 8-14 men in equally colourful dress. The festival and its associated rituals have a strong connection with the local fishing community who pray for safe sailing and good catches. Held on the 4th day of the 5th month according to the Chinese lunar calendar.

Sanno Festival
10-16 June (on even numbered years)
Hie Shrine, Tokyo

Elegant and courtly festival originally held in 1478 to ensure good fortune during the construction of Edo Castle. Features a parade of mikoshi and hundreds of people in the traditional dress of the Imperial court.

Aizen Festival
30 June - 2 July
Shoman-in (Aizen-do) Temple, Osaka

One of Osakas's
three major summer festivals. Celebrates Aizen Myo-oh the greatest of the 8 Buddhist guardian gods and the temple's principle image. Throughout history Aizen Myo-oh has been worshipped by actors, actresses and entertainers as the god of charms and popularity. Hundreds of thousands turn out every year to see the glamorous parade of geisha
riding on decorated palanquins called hoekago.

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JULY

The Festival of the Dead, Bommatsuri, takes plase from July 13 to 15.

July 1-31, Gion Festival: this is a major spectacular fesival that climaxes on July 17. Massive traditional floats topped with high poles are wheeled thru the streets. Maiko and geiko perform as part of the festival on July 17.

July 1-August 31, Kami Shichiken Beer Garden: this is an outdoor beer garden and an informal event. It is open to all who wish to attend and is a great opportunity to mix and visit with other maiko and geisha - who also dress informally for this event.

Tokyo Summer Festival
All July
Tokyo - various venues

A music festival
organized by the Arion-Edo Foundation. Huge variety of acts and shows all over Tokyo featuring music from many parts of the globe. Runs for the whole month of July.

Shounan Hiratsuka Tanabata Matsuri
4-8 July
Shounan City, Kanagawa Prefecture

One of Japan's largest Tanabata festivals, annually attracting in excess of 3 million people. Colourful decorations and illuminations brighten up the entire downtown area.

Tanabata Star Festival.

 

Iriya no Asagao-ichi
6-8 July
Kishibo-Jin Shrine, Taito Ward, Tokyo

Iriya (morning glories) flowers are said to symbolise the beginning of summer and bring good luck. Every year, thousands come to the Kishibojin Temple area to buy morning glory plants from hundreds of street stalls.

Shiman Rokusen-nichi
9-10 July
Sensou-ji Temple, Asakusa, Tokyo

'Shiman Rokusen-nichi' means 'day of 46,000' and it is said that a visit to Sensou-ji Temple on these days gets you the credit for visiting on 46,000 normal days. Many thousands of people turn out and hundreds of stalls sell potted hozuki (ground cherry) plants and wind chimes until midnight.

Danjiri Festival
Kumata Jinja, Osaka
12-13 July

Large festival floats are ridden precariously by local men while being towed in vigorous fashion around the Hirano area before being taken back to Kumata Shrine late at night. An exciting spectacle that regularly draws in excess of 300,000 visitors.

Nachi Himatsuri
14-15 July
Kumano-Nachi Taisha, Nachi-Katsuura, Wakayama Prefecture

Grand summer festival of Kumano-Nachi Shrine which climaxes with an ancient purification ritual where 12 daitaimatsu (giant torches) of vigorously burning cypress logs are swung by white robed priests as they ascend and descend stone steps at the Nachi Falls
- a spectacular 133m high waterfall.

 

Hakata Gion Yamagasa
15 July
Kushida Shrine, Fukuoka 

Sacred Gion festival of Kushida Shrine in Hakata (the name of the old quarter of Fukuoka) 
dating back to the 13th century. Prayer ceremonies and festivities begin at the shrine from July 1 and from this date Hakata's famous kazari-yamakasa go on display. These beautifully-crafted floats depict scenes from various historical or legendary tales but at around 16m high, they are too large to be carried. You can see them positioned at various points around the city centre.
The highlight is the kakiyamakasa race on the last day of the festival from 5am. At five-minute intervals, teams of happi wearing bearers carrying the smaller but equally extravagant kaki-yamakasa floats race around a 5km circuit to see who can get the best time. The frenzied rush last for about 30 minutes as teams of about 100 take turns carrying the 1-ton float which requires 32 people to carry it at any one time. Spectators throw water on the teams as they pass.

Gion Matsuri
17 July
Yasaka Shrine, Kyoto

Kyoto's Gion festival is one of the most popular festivals in all Japan and features the most lavishly-decorated festival floats. Hoko are wheeled floats up to 25m in length and 12 tons in weight which are pulled with ropes. Some hoko are two stories high and carry people on each level and even on the roof. Yama are smaller and are carried on the shoulders of bearers like mikoshi.
Although the festival begins at Yasaka Shrine 
on the 1st and continues until 31 July with many larger and smaller events taking place, the highlight of the festival is when all 25 yama floats and all 7 hoko parade through the city, watched by many thousands at every turn. The night before the procession crowds gather to see the hoko in downtown Kyoto in a festival called Yoiyama.

Kankoboko float, one of many that come through town. Photo from 2007.

Toyohashi Gion Matsuri
19-21 July (third Friday-Sunday in July)
Yoshida Shrine, Toyohashi City, Aichi Prefecture

Summer festival of Yoshida Jinja which culminates in a display of 'pistol fireworks' which are hand-made and then set off by their makers who continue to hold them in position while they spew forth large and spectacular flames over a long period. The bearers wear extra-strong happi coats and douse themselves in water to protect themselves.

Kokura Gion Taiko
19-21 July
Yasaka Shrine, Fukuoka City, Fukuoka Prefecture

Shrine festival that incorporates a taiko drumming competition which attracts up to 100 different teams and hundreds of thousands of spectators. Some of the drummers perform atop special floats as they are borne through the streets.

Samukawa Jinja Hamaorisai
20 July
Samukawa Shrine, Chigasaki City, Kanagawa Prefecture

A mikoshi parade begins at the shrine at 2.30am and proceeds through the streets of the city towards the beach. Mikoshi from neighbouring shrines join on the way. By the time they reach the beach they can number more than 30. At dawn, around 150,000 people watch them borne into the cleansing waters of the sea as part of a purification ceremony.

Mushi Okuri Festival
July 20th
Iwami Town, Shimane

A group of dancers and drummers, accompanied by flute player and singer, spend all day walking around the town. At numerous locations they stop and perform the Mushi Okuri Odori, an ancient dance
asking all the insects to leave the rice fields and go somewhere else. Once common throughout Japan, this dance is rarely performed anymore.

Yamaguchi Gion Festival
20-27 July
Yamaguchi City, Yamaguchi Prefecture

A Gion festival modeled on the famous Kyoto Gion Matsuri. Famous for sagimai, an elegant dance performed in a winged costume that represents the graceful courting dance of the heron.

Yasaka Jinja Festival
20, 24, 27 July
Yasaka Shrine, Shimane Prefecture

Summer shrine festival featuring sagimai, an elegant dance performed in a winged costume that represents the graceful courting dance of the heron.

Osorezan Taisai
20-24 July
Bodaiji Temple, Mutsu City, Aomori

Mt. Osore is believed to be a place where the souls of the dead gather and every year in this period, people climb to the top to speak to the spirits through female shamans who act as mediums. The path to the summit is studded with pinwheels placed by parents praying for departed children.

Nagasaki Peiron Senshukan
20-21 July
Matsugae International Pier, Nagasaki City, Nagasaki Prefecture

A dragon boat racing festival begun by Chinese residents of Nagasaki in the 17th century. Long wooden boats crewed by a total of 35 people including a drummer and a bailer race on a 4km course in the harbour.

Uchiwa Matsuri
20-22 July
Yasaka Shrine, Kumagaya, Saitama Prefecture

Most famous for a parade of 12 highly-decorated dashi floats and the uchiwa or round fans that are given out to festival goers.

Kurosaki Gion Matsuri
Fukuoka City, Fukuoka Prefecture
20-22 July

Gion festival modelled on the world famous Kyoto Gion Matsuri. The highlight is on the evening of the 20th when elaborately decked-out yamakasa floats are whirled round by their bearers to win a competition. Lively atmosphere with festival music and decorative lights.

Sapporo Summer Festival
21 July - 20 August
Odori Park, Sapporo

Large areas of Odori Park and surrounding streets are turned into a beer garden with many entertainments and festivities. Attracts hundreds of thousands of visitors every year.

Aizu Tajima Gion Matsuri
22-24 July
Tajima Town, Fukushima Prefecture

A local version of the Kyoto Gion Matsuri. Features Shinto music and dance, taiko drumming and children's kabuki theatre performed on festival floats.

Warei Shrine Summer Festival
23-24 July
Warei Shrine, Uwajima City, Ehime Prefecture

A parade of mikoshi led by large ushioni or 'ox-demon' effigies crosses the river followed by hundreds of people carrying torch lights. Other attractions include fireworks and togyu, a kind of non-fatal bull-fighting in which two bulls fight to push each other out of the ring. Also known as ushi-zumo or 'bull sumo'.

Two bulls beginning a match in Ishikawa, Okinawa

Soma Nomaoi
23-25 July
Hibarigahara, Haramachi, Fukushima Prefecture

Commences with a parade of mikoshi and over 600 horsemen in full feudal military dress. The horsemen race each other and take part in various competitions over the three days finishing with the Soma Nomaoi itself in which participants dressed in white, chase wild horses around the shrine compound in order to offer them to the gods.

Honmyo-ji Tonshae
23 July
Honmyo-ji Temple, Kumamoto City, Kumamoto Prefecture

Thousands gather to watch Nichiren Sect Buddhist monks from 120 different temples climb stone steps lined with hundreds of lanterns to the mausoleum of a feudal lord. Dates back to an episode in which a dying head priest ordered that a transcription of the 69,384-character Lotus Sutra in one night.

Tenjin Matsuri
24-25 July
Tenmangu Jinja, Osaka

One of Japan's three major festivals. Various festivities on the first day include a procession of danjiri festival floats, drumming performances and a lion dance. On the second day, spectators gather at 4pm and a drum-led procession from Tenmangu Shrine to the Tenjin bridge begins. At 6.30pm the procession continues on the river with 100 decorated boats. Bugaku and kagura are performed on a lantern-lit floating stage in the middle of the river.

Kangensai (Music Festival)
Usually in July (17 June by lunar calendar)
Itsukushima Shrine, Miyajima, Hiroshima Prefecture

Brightly decorated boats are towed from the famous torii gate standing in the sea at Itsukushima to the opposite shore. Shinto rituals and classical bugaku dance are performed on board. Dates back more than a thousand years to times when court nobles would enjoy music and dance on boat trips.

Kuromatsu Festival
Late July
Kuromatsu, near Gotsu, Shimane Prefecture
Unusual festival where the kami (gods) are brought by boat in a portable shrine from an offshore island back to the mainland with accompanying taiko drum music.

Otaru Tide Festival
26-28 July
Otaru Wharf, Otaru City, Hokkaido Prefecture

One of the most popular sea festivals in northern Japan. More than 10,000 take to the streets to dance and numerous paper lanterns decorate the whole city. At Otaru Wharf, some 4,000 paper lanterns are set adrift on the sea and many boats and ships parade around the bay amongst them. Other attractions include mikoshi and fireworks.

Owari Tsushima Tenno Festival
4th Sat & Sun July
Tenno River, Aichi Prefecture

One of Japan’s top three river festivals. The highlight is Saturday evening when five straw boats decorated with hundreds of paper lanterns each are set afloat on the Tenno river setting the water glittering with reflected light.

Tai Festival
27-28 July
Toyohama, Minamichita Town, Aichi Prefecture

A fishermen's festival to pray for good catches at sea. Huge mikoshi (about 20m long) in the shape of tai, or sea bream, are paraded around the town before being taken out to sea.

Sumiyoshi Matsuri
30 July - 1 August
Sumiyoshi Taisha Shrine, Osaka

This is the last of the major summer festivals in Osaka and is also known as the 'Minami-matsuri' or 'Oharai'. At its heart are various Shinto purification ceremonies and the festival ends with a mikoshi parade.

Hachinohe Sansha Taisai
31 July - 3 August
Hachinohe City, Aomori Prefecture

One of the most colourful and spectacular neputa festivals in the prefecture. Fabulously decorated mikoshi and lantern floats adorned with colourful dioramas parade the streets led by kagura musicians and lion dances. On the second and third days of the festival a traditional polo-like game is played by teams of horsemen at Shinra Shrine.

Shimodate Gion Matsuri
Last Thursday to Sunday in July
Haguro Jinja, Shimodate City, Ibaraki Prefecture

The star of the festival is the giant Ou mikoshi. At 2 tons it is the largest in Japan and it leads a vigorous parade of over 30 mikoshi in total and progresses from the shrine to the downtown area. On the last day of the festival, the bearers carry their mikoshi into the river and immerse themselves up to their necks as part of a purification ceremony.

Yokohama Summer Night Festival
27-28 July
Yamashita Park, Yokohama City, Kanagawa Prefecture

Professional and amateur musicians, dancers and other entertainers perform on stages in Yamashita Park and on floating stages in the bay.

Sumida River Fireworks Display
27 July
Sumida River, Asakusa, Tokyo

One of the largest fireworks displays in all Japan. Said to date back to Edo times (1603-1867) when firework makers would come here to compete to create the most sensational displays.

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AUGUST

 

July 1-August 31, Kami Shichiken Beer Garden: this is an outdoor beer garden and an informal event. It is open to all who wish to attend and is a great opportunity to mix and visit with other maiko and geisha - who also dress informally for this event.

PL Founder's Festival Fireworks Art
1 August (19:45-21:00)
PL Headquarters, Tondabayashi City, Osaka Prefecture

Special annual event of the Church of Perfect Liberty climaxing with one of the world's largest fireworks displays, consisting of over 120,000 shots.

Nagaoka Festival
1-3 August
Nagaoka, Niigata Prefecture

Parades include a procession of mikoshi and a procession of 500 people in full samurai armour. Also features a range of bugaku dances, traditional music and taiko drumming. Breathtaking fireworks displays are held on the second and third evenings, regularly attracting over 600,000 people.

Sansa Matsuri
1-3 August
Morioka, Iwate Prefecture

A folk dance festival that attracts 20,000 participants every year. Teams from local schools, companies and community organisations come up with their own set of movements and parade through the streets to the beat of 5,000 drummers and other musicians.

Hirosaki Neputa Matsuri
1-7 August
Hirosaki, Aomori Prefecture

A more low-key version of the Neputa festival held in Aomori but still attracts around 1.5 million people every year. Features parades of huge bamboo and paper lanterns in the shape of fans carried on floats. The lanterns depict popular historical and legendary characters. After the festival, the floats are cast into the sea as a purification rite that is said to rid the town of future illness and bad fortune.

Shimizu Minato Matsuri
2-4 August
Shimizu City, Shizuoka Prefecture

Commemorates the reopening of Shimizu port to international trade. Tens of thousands gather to dance in the streets, soak up the atmosphere and enjoy the fireworks display over the bay at Hinode Wharf.

Wasshoi Hyakuman Summer Festival
2-4 August
Kitakyushu City, Fukuoka Prefecture

City-wide festival bringing the area's three biggest Gion festivals together in one place. A feast of parades, dances and other festivities.

Nebuta Matsuri
2-7 August
Aomori, Aomori Prefecture

A parade of about sixty bamboo and paper lanterns in the shape of historical or legendary heroes. The size of the lanterns ranges from small ones carried by children to 8m tall constructions on festival floats vying to win the competition on the last day. The floats are surrounded by costumed dancers who dance to the sound of flutes and drums. One of the largest festivals in Kanto.
It is said that the festival dates back to the 9th century when a local feudal lord used lantern-lit floats to make his forces look bigger. Since then, it has come to be believed that the fearsome faces help to wake sleepy souls in the heat of summer.

Ishitori Festival
3-4 August
Kasuga Shrine, Kuwana City, Mie Prefecture

Known as the loudest festival in Japan. Participants ring bells and hit taiko drums while more than 40 floats parade the city.

Takasaki Matsuri
3-4 August
Takasaki City, Gunma Prefecture

Big summer event with a lively parade of mikoshi carried by happi-wearing bearers and surrounded by music, dancing and street vendors. The festival closes with one of the biggest fireworks displays in the Kanto area at Karasu-gawa River.

Matsue Suigo Matsuri
3-4 August
Matsue City, Shimane Prefecture

Suigo means 'on the water' and this festival holds various events on rivers, canals, lakes and moats all over the city. Includes boat parades, floating theatre, markets and fireworks.

Oshika Whale Festival
4 August
Oshika, Miyagi Prefecture

Celebrates the history of Oshika as a flourishing whaling port and provides an insight into Japan's ancient whaling culture. Features demonstrations of traditional whaling techniques, whale cuisine and fireworks.

Shiogama Port Festival
4-5 August
Shiogama, Miyagi Prefecture

A marine spectacular of around 100 floating mikoshi and a fireworks display over the bay. One of Japan's top three port festivals.

Kanto Matsuri
4-7 August
Akita Prefecture

One of the three major festivals of northern Japan, deriving from the same legend as the Nebuta Matsuri in Aomori in which summer sleepiness must be driven away with lanterns. Kanto are 10m bamboo poles hung with up to 46 lanterns which, in the evenings, young men compete to balance on their shoulders, foreheads, hips and chins.

Torii Yaki Festival
5 August
Lake Ashi, Hakone, Kanagawa Prefecture

Two torii gates are erected on the lake and ceremonially burned. Thousands of lanterns are also set adrift on the water creating an enchanting scene.

Hanakasa Matsuri
5-7 August
Yamagata City

More than 10,000 townspeople, all wearing hanagasa, (low-rimmed straw hats adorned with flowers) dance their way through the main streets of the city. One of the largest festivals in the Tohoku region.

Peace Ceremony
6 August
Peace Memorial Park, Hiroshima

A solemn ceremony is held on the anniversary of the atom-bombing of Hiroshima in 1945 as a memorial to victims and survivors. In the evening, the park comes alive with music and thousands of paper lanterns are set adrift on the Ota river to pray for world peace.

Tanabata Festival
6-8 August (Fireworks display: 5 August)
Sendai Town Centre

Tanabata festivals are celebrated throughout Japan in July but the Sendai Tanabata Matsuri or 'Star Festival'held in August is Japan's most famous. Bamboo poles decorated with colourful paper streamers adorn the tree-lined avenues of central Sendai. The parades held along Jozenji-dori turn the whole street into a street theatre with music, dancing and mikoshi.

Niigata Festival
7-9 August
Niigata City

Niigata's largest festival. Features a folk dance parade across the Bandai bridge with over 30,000 participants, a procession in full Heian period dress, a mikoshi parade and a fireworks display on the Shinano River.

Touki Matsuri
7-10 August
Gojo District, Eastern Kyoto

Kyoto's largest open air pottery market. Nearly 500 stalls offering thousands of bargains.

Anjin Festival
8-10 August
Ito City, Shizuoka Prefecture

The Anjin Festival commemorates the launching of the first western-style Japanese ships built by William Adams (aka Anjin) by sending festival lanterns down the Matsukawa River to float into the sea. There is a ceremony and parade, a concert and taiko drum competition. The main event is the fireworks display over the sea.

Yassa Matsuri
9-11 August
Mihara, Hiroshima Prefecture

Loud and lively street festival of traditional music and dancing.

Yosakoi Matsuri
9-12 August
Kochi City, Kochi Prefecture

A total of 15,000 people divided into over a hundred groups dance in the streets to a local folk song. Every team comes up with its own Bon dance and costume.

Yosakoi Matsuri (Come Visit Festival)

Awa Odori Festival
12-15 August
Tokushima, Tokushima Prefecture

One of Japan's most famous Bon festivals. Over a million people visit every year to watch and take part in the Awa Odori, a local folk dance set to traditional music. Awa dance is said to be a 'fool's dance'. A well known saying runs, "it's a fool who dances and a fool who watches, so if both are fools, you may as well dance!". The atmosphere is infectious and many thousands dance in the streets, giving the whole city centre a real carnival atmosphere.

Osaka Castle Takigi-noh
11-12 August
Osaka Castle, Nishinomaru Park, Chuo-ku, Osaka City

Noh theatre is performed by firelight as part of a religious ritual.

Sanuki Takamatsu Festival
12-14 August
Chuo Park, Takamatsu, Kagawa Prefecture

One of the four big festivals on Shikoku. Features parades, shows, one of Western Japan's best fireworks displays (13 August) and a folk dance parade in which thousands of local residents take to the main streets.

Tetsuya Odori Festival
13-16 August
Gujo-Hachiman, Gifu Prefecture
Major Bon Festival for which many thousands come to watch and dance through the night.

Suichu Hanabi Taikai
14 August
Itsukushima Shrine, Hiroshima

Annual fireworks display held over the bay behind the the famous waterborne torii gate in Hiroshima Bay. The largest display in Western Japan.

Mantoro Lantern Lighting
14-15 August
Kasuga Taisha, Nara Prefecture

2,000 stone lanterns and 1,000 bronze hanging lanterns are lit in the evenings at this shrine in Nara Park. Bugaku and Kagura are performed in the apple garden and the dimply lit main hall is open to visitors.

Shoro Nagashi Nagasaki
15 August
Nagasaki

Held at the end of the city's bon festival celebrations. A parade of thousands carry floats loaded with countless lanterns to the sea front where they are set afloat on the water. Firecrackers ring through the streets testifying to the influence of Chinese customs in the area.

Yamaga Toro
15-16 August
Yamaga City, Kumamoto Prefecture

A parade of women wearing yukata and lanterns on their heads perform toro odori (lantern dance) through the main streets. Part of Yamaga City's bon festival celebrations.

Mishima Summer Festival
15-17 August
Mishima City, Shizuoka Prefecture

Shrine festival commemorating a victory of the famous general Minamoto Yoritomo at a garrison nearby over 800 years ago. Features a procession of townspeople dressed in period military dress, folk dance parades, yabusame, and a fireworks display.
Access: 10-minute walk from JR Mishima Station.

Toro Nagashi Hanabi Taikai
15 August
Matsushima Bay, Miyagi Prefecture

Matsushima's most popular festival is held on the night of August 15, the eve of a service for the dead who have left no surviving relatives at Zuigan-ji. While 8,000 glowing lanterns float out on the water, a breathtaking fireworks illuminates the islands of the bay.

Tomioka Hachimangu Matsuri
15-18 August (next Hon-matsuri - 2002)
Tomioka Hachiman Shrine, Koto-ku, Tokyo

The tri-annual Hon-matsuri is one of Tokyo's big three. A large parade of mikoshi processes along a 6km parade route getting sprayed liberally with water every where it goes.

Lake Suwa Fireworks Festival
15 August
Lake Suwa, Nagano Prefecture

The largest fireworks festival in Nagano Prefecture held on the banks of Lake Suwa. 35,000 shot display with a 2km 'Niagara Falls'firework.

Toro Nagashi Festival
16 August
Miyazu Bay, Kyoto Prefecture

One of the biggest Bon festival lantern floating events in all of Japan. Over 10,000 paper lanterns are set afloat on the bay with the sky above lit by spectacular fireworks.

Daimonji Bonfire
16 August
Mt. Nyoigadake, Kyoto

As part of Kyoto's Bon Festival attractions, a spectacular bonfire is lit near the summit of Mt. Nyoigadake in the shape of the Chinese character 'dai'meaning large. Other characters are also lit on Kyoto's surrounding mountains. Attracts 1,000s of visitors.

Mando Nagashi Festival
16 August
Togetsukyo Bridge, Arashiyama, Kyoto

Bon festival lantern floating event with the scenic Togetsukyo Bridge in the background. Also features traditional music and dancing as well as displays of ukai, the ancient art of cormorant fishing.

Hakone Daimonji Yaki
16 August
Hakone, Kanagawa Prefecture

At night, bonfires are lit near the summit of Mt. Myojogatake to display the kanji (Chinese symbol) for 'dai', meaning large, 108m across. Accompanied by a fireworks display.

Hanawa Bayashi
19-20 August
Kazuno City, Akita Prefecture

Held in Hanawa, the old merchant's quarter of what is now Kazuno city. A parade of beautifully carved wooden floats carrying musicians who play Hanawa-bayashi, a kind of folk music dating back to Heian times.

Sento Kuyo
23-24 August
Nenbutsu-ji Temple, Adashino, Kyoto

A memorial service for graves that no longer have families to look after them. Candles and lanterns are lit for each of the temples 8,000 stone stupas and Buddha Statues.

 

Toi Misaki Fire Festival
23-24 August
Cape Toi, Miyazaki Prefecture

According to legend, a serpent that once terrorised this town was killed by a monk who threw a torch into its mouth. Nowadays, a 30m pillar is erected to symbolise the snake and flaming torches are thrown at it creating a spectacular show of fire and sparks.

Minami Kyushu Kagura Festival
Late August
Kirishima Jingu, Kagoshima Prefecture

On the last Saturday of August stalls with food and crafts are set up and you can watch traditional myths re-enacted with kagura music and dance.

Gangara Fire Festival
24 August
Atago Shrine, Ikeda City

This event has been held in Ikeda City for over 350 years. In addition to Shinto rituals, 4 metre-long torches are paraded through the city and bonfires in the shape of the kanji (Chinese character) for "dai" (large) and "dai-ichi" (first) are lit on Mt. Satsuki.

Zenkoku Hanabi Kyogi Taikai
24 August (5-9pm)
Omono River, Omagari, Akita Prefecture

Japan's most authoritative traditional fireworks competition. High quality shells and creative new designs are exhibited by around 30 expert fireworks producers.

Giant Lantern Festival
26-27 August
Suwa Shrine, Isshiki, Aichi Prefecture

Huge paper lanterns painted with colourful designs are lit in the shrine compound.

Yoshida no Hi Matsuri
26-27 August
Yoshida, Yamanashi Prefecture

One of Japan's grandest fire festivals, officially marking the end of Mt. Fuji's climbing season. The festival climaxes in the evening when a huge lantern in the shape of Fuji-san is paraded through torchlit streets. Massive bonfires illuminate the mountainside long into the night.

Koenji Awa Odori Festival
27-28 August
Suginami City, Tokyo

Large-scale festival of street dance modelled on the Awa Odori festival on Shikoku. Thousands dance in the streets to rhythmic traditional music and over a million come to watch.

Usuki Stone Buddhas Fire Festival
31 August
Usuki, Oita Prefecture

At twilight, the mysterious stone Buddha statues of Usuki are illuminated by flickering torchlight.

Eisa Matsuri
3Late August at the end of Obon
Okinawa City

Hugely-popular festival of traditional dance, music and drumming that brings Okinawa's bon festival celebrations to a close. Teams from all over Okinawa compete to be the most colourful, exuberant and stylish dancers at the festival. Held concurrently with the Orion beer festival. Climaxes with a spectacular fireworks display.

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SEPTEMBER

Hassaku Oshi-tsuki
September 1
Tsuma, Oki Island, Shimane Prefecture

Traditional bull fighting (bull sumo) in which two bulls lock horns and fight to push each other out of the ring. The bulls do not 'fight' in the Latin sense and no blood is shed.

Kaze no Bon
September 1-3
Yatsuo-cho, Toyama

Houses throughout the town are decorated with paper lanterns and hundreds dance the graceful Owara-odori (a form of bon odori) well into the night to the strains of Chinese fiddles.

Hassaku-sai
September 5
Matsuo-taisha Shrine, Kyoto

A day of rituals, sumo wrestling and Buddhist dance to petition the gods for mild weather, good harvests and safety in the home.

Karasu-zumo
September 9
Kamigamo-jinja Shrine, Kyoto

A very distinctive festival at Kamigamo Shrine
in which Shinto priests perform rituals in which they hop from side to side, 'cawing' like crows (karasu). These observances are followed by a sumo competition for local boys.

O Sannomiya Autumn Festival
September 14-15
Hie Shrine, Yokohama, Kanagawa Prefecture

Mikoshi, large and small, parade both days to and from Hie Shrine and the Matsuzakaya department store and many entertainments are held at the shrine itself.

Tsurugaoka Hachimangu Festival
September 14-16
Kamakura, Kanagawa Prefecture

Tsurugaoka Hachimangu shrines Reitaisai festival features displays of yabusame - Japanese archery on horseback - and draws large crowds.

Tono Matsuri
September 14-15
Tonogo-hachimangu Shrine, Tono-shi, Iwate

Held every year to pray for a good harvest, this is the largest annual festival held in the garden city of Tono. Shishi-odori (lion dances), Taue-odori (rice-planting dances) and kagura are performed along with yabusame and festival music. Always draws large crowds.

Kishiwada Danjiri Matsuri
September 14-15
Kishiwada, Osaka

Over thirty 4m-tall floats (Mikoshi), carried by their bearers at top speed, rampage around the streets of Kishiwada followed by a stampede of festival-goers, hundreds strong. Not for the faint-hearted but compulsive viewing. One of the most spectacular (and often dangerous) festivals in Japan with hundreds of thousands of people turning up to watch.

Tsurugaoka-hachimangu Reitasai
September 14-16
Tsurugaoka-hachimangu Shrine, Kamakura-shi, Kanagawa

Tsurugaoka-hachimangu shrine is the spiritual home of yabusame, the ancient art of horseback archery. On the 16th, you can see horsemen dressed in the hunting costumes of feudal times compete in a yabusame competition.

Yachi Donga Festival
September 14-17
Hachiman-gu Shrine, Yachi, Yamagata Prefecture

Festival showcasing the Hayashi-ke Bugaku, the style of court dance that remains truest to the oldest forms of Japanese dance, showing many influences from as far West as Ancient Greece.

Okuma-kabuto Festival
September 20
Nakajima, Ishikawa Prefecture

The Noto Peninsula's top autumn festival. Mikoshi from 19 shrines in the surrounding area converge on Nakajima and form a day long parade of flag-bearers, musicians and dancers led by a dancing goblin.

Aizu Byakko Matsuri
September 22-24
Aizuwakamatsu-shi, Fukushima

Festival recreating the march to war of troops who fought in the battle of Boshin no Eki in 1868, a major battle between Imperial and bakufu (shogunate) troops during the Meiji revolution. Features a parade of 700 warriors in full period dress.

Sendai Great Tug-of-War
Eve of the autumnal equinox (usually September 23)
Sendai, Kagoshima Prefecture

Dates back 400 years to a time a feudal lord wanted to raise morale after many local people had been sent to war. 3,000 men, young and old, form teams at each end of a 365m rope and pull against each other with thousands of spectators cheering them on.

Fukuro Matsuri
September 25-26
Ikebukuro, Tokyo

Commercially sponsored festival to promote tourism but fun nonetheless. Foreigners who apply in advance can carry mikoshi through the streets of Ikebukuro. Other events include taiko drumming, folk dancing and a karate demonstration.

Kokkeisetsu
September 30 - October 1
Chinatown, Yokohama

Celebrating Chinese National Foundation Day in the largest Chinatown in Japan. Lion dances, parades and firecrackers add extra color to the already vibrant streets and a giant 'moon cake' is divided up amongst 300 lucky visitors.

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OCTOBER

Nihonmatsu Lantern festival
October 4-6
Nihonmatsu Jinja, Nihonmatsu, Fukushima

The annual grand festival of Nihonmatsu Jinja is the location of one of Japan's three great lantern festivals. 7 large floats bedecked with hundreds of paper lanterns parade through the town to the strains of festival music.

Sawara festival
October 8-10
Sawara, Chiba

Huge 4m dolls representing figures from Japan's historical past are paraded through the city. There is also a similar summer festival held July 16-18.

Warai Festival
8 October
Niu-Jinja Shrine, Wakayama

Various traditional dances and a bizarre laughing "warai" festival as the participants laugh in time to the jangle of small bells and commands from a leader.

Nagasaki Kunchi
7-9 October
Suwa-Jinja Shrine, Nagasaki-shi, Nagasaki

Lively festival with a cosmopolitan atmosphere reflecting Nagasaki's history of international contact. Features parades of colourful floats and unique dances, all with a strong Chinese influence. Regularly attracts over 350,000 visitors.

Dai Ginza Matsuri
October 10-17
Ginza, Tokyo

Held every year since 1968, the 100-year anniversary of the Meiji Restoration. Parades, bazaars and bands fill the streets with colour and music but the main attraction has to be the bargain sales held by the major name stores in the district.

Ana-hachimangu Yabusame
October 10
Ana-hachimangu Shrine, Tokyo

Demonstrations of yabusame, the ancient Japanese art of horseback archery. 

Naha Festival
October 10
Naha, Okinawa Prefecture

Many events and folk entertainments to enjoy but the centrepiece is the tug-of-war involving a rope, 1.5m in diameter, and weighing no less than 27 tons. Hundreds of competitors and many thousands of spectators attend.

Midosuji Parade
October 13
Central Osaka

Held on Midosuji Avenue annually since 1983, this parade has the most varied selection of entertainments out of all Japanese parade festivals. Features music, dance, costumes and tradition not just from Japan but from all over the world.

Doburoku Festival
October 14-19
Shirakawago, Gifu Prefecture

Harvest festival where visitors to the shrines in the area are treated to the local doboroku, a milky-white and slightly sweet home-brewed sake.

Sennin Musha Gyoretsu
16-17 October
Nikko, Tochigi

Sennin Musha Gyoretsu (lit. procession of a thousand warriors) a reenactment in period costume of the 1617 procession accompanying the remains of Tokugawa Ieyasu to Nikko.

Niihama Drum Festival
16-18 October
Niihama, Ehime

Decorated portable stages carrying drumming teams are carried by hundreds of other men in this huge taiko drumming competition. 30 teams of 150 compete every year.

Shimabara Hot-Springs Matsuri
Mid-October
Shimabara, Nagasaki Prefecture

Two event-filled days honoring the health-giving hot-springs of Shimabara City. Festivities include a beauty pageant, a folk-singing
contest, parades and torch-lit Noh performances.

Doburoku Festival
October 17-18
Shiharige Jinja Shrine, Ota, Oita Prefecture

Festival of sake-drinking at one of the few shrines in Japan allowed to serve home brewed sake to worshippers. Plenty of unrefined, milky-white sake to go round.

Yabusame Festival
October 19
Koyama, Kagoshima Prefecture

Yabusame (horse-back archery) festival performed by young boys. There is a procession of men in samurai costume and dressed as dragons, followed by the archery contest with elaborately dressed and made up young boys.

Kawagoe Matsuri
Third weekend in October
Kawagoe-shi, Saitama

Recreates the splendour of the Edo period. Magnificent floats and mikoshi parade around the old town area before taking part in the hikkawase ceremony in which they are forcefully crashed in to each other. The hon-matsuri (full festival) takes place once every two years.

Jidai Matsuri
22 October
Heian Jingu Shrine, Kyoto-shi, Kyoto

One of the most spectacular parades to be found at any of Japan's autumn festivals. Consists of over 1,700 marchers representing figures from Japanese history in a five-hour long parade. The procession starts from the Imperial Palace at noon and heads west along Marutachi dori, then south on Karasuma to Oike dori, then through Gion and Sanjo dori culminating at Heian Shrine
.

Festival of the Ages

October 22

This is an elaborate parade of people in costumes representing the various eras of Japanese history beginning with the Heian period. The geisha take turns to play the famous beauties of each of the ages (Ono no Komachi, Murasaki Shikibu, Shizuka Gozen) the parade finishes at the Heian Shrine.

Hi Matsuri (Fire Festival)
22 October
Kurama, Kyoto-shi, Kyoto

One of the most "unique" of Japan's autumn festivals. The festival is held in the mountain village of Kurama, north of the city. Participants carry torches and light bonfires throughout the night. Later revelers carry a mikoshi (portable shrine) from Yuki Shrine in Kurama
.

Ueno Tenjin Matsuri
23-25 October
Sugawara Jinja Shrine, Ueno-shi, Mie

Festival featuring a unique parade of mikoshi (floats) and dancers led by 100 people dressed as oni (demons) and wearing comical masks.

Edo Tenka Matsuri Festival
Late October
Hibiya Park, Tokyo
Originally held under the official approval of the Tokugawa Shogunate (1603-1668), the Edo Tenka Matsuri was re-established in 2003 to mark the 400th anniversary of the beginning of the shogunate. Nine mikoshi and 12 floats accompany a large happi-clad procession from Hibiya Park to the Imperial Palace.

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NOVEMBER

November, Gion-odori. This is the annual performance of Gion Higashi, which is the smaller of the Gion hanamachi.

Karatsu Kunchi
November 2-4
Karatsu, Saga Prefecture

Famous in Japan for its hikiyama floats. These are carried on the shoulder like ordinary mikoshi (i.e. floats) but are topped with outlandishly decorated fish, lions, samurai helmets and other paraphernalia. They lead a boisterous, saké-fuelled parade around the town.

Ohara Festival
November 2-3
Kagoshima, Kagoshima Prefecture

At this, the largest autumn festival in Southern Kyushu, you will be treated to a street parade of no less than 22,000 dancers. Attracts crowds of over 600,000.

Betchya Festival
November 3
Kibitsu-hiko Shrine, Onomichi, Hiroshima Prefecture

Men wearing striking masks or dressed as lions, run around the crowded streets looking for children to 'thrash' with bamboo whisks. Legend has it that children 'beaten' in this way will be safe from illness for the coming year.

Matsue Do-Gyoretsu
November 3
Matsue, Shimane Prefecture

A drumming festival in which 30 neighbourhood teams compete to outplay each other on huge taiko drums mounted on floats.

Awa Puppet Theatre
November 3
Kisawa, Tokushima Prefecture

Though still an amateur art after, the rural puppet drama of the Awa region is just as famous in Japan as the puppet
puppet drama of Osaka. At this annual event, classic plays are performed on an outdoor stage.

Sanbaso, a dance piece often performed at the beginning of a program of traditional Japanese puppet theater, as well as at weddings and other celebratory events.

Shitenno-ji Wasso
November 3
Shitenno-ji Temple, Osaka

A parade of thousands of people dressed as heroes and historical figures takes to the streets of Osaka
. Colourful boat-shaped floats join the procession and add to the magnificent spectacle.

Hakone Daimyo Gyoretsu
November 3
Hakone-machi, Kanagawa

A parade of 150 in full period-dress recreating the crossings that the daimyo (feudal lords) had to make in order to present themselves to the Shogun during the Edo-period (1603-1867).

Fire God Festival
November 11
Kirishima Jinja Shrine, Takachiho-gawara Furumiyaato,
Kagoshima Prefecture
Kagura dances, thundering taiko drums
 and bonfires celebrating the time when the gods landed on the earth at a site nearby.

Sukagawa Taimatsu
Mid. November
Sukagawa, Fukushima

Fire festival anticipating the coming of winter. 30 massive torches, each 10m tall and 3 tons in weight, are lit and paraded to the rhythms of taiko drums.

Momiji Festival
Mid. November
Arashiyama, Kyoto

The festival recreates the atmosphere of the Heian court when the Emperor and his court leisurely cruised the Oi River in Kyoto. Five period-decorated boats filled with people in Heian costume, playing traditional instruments and reciting noh and kyogen begin the water parade followed by a larger flotilla of similar vessels.

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DECEMBER

December, Kaomise: The flower and willow world reviews the next years cast of kabuki characters as they present themselves. The maiko and geisha go all-out to be the most splendid of them all.

Oshiroi Matsuri
2 December
Fukuoka

In this 400-year-old festival, oshiroi, a white paste made from rice flour and water, is smeared on villagers' faces as a prayer for good harvests in the coming year.

Chichibu Yomatsuri
2-3 December
Chichibu shrine, Chichibu, Saitama Prefecture

Famous night festival in which lantern-lit floats weighing more than 10-tons each are pulled through the town.

Takata no Inoko
3 December
Sakurai, Nara Prefecture

Village youths carry food and torches in procession to offer to the gods for peace and good harvests.

Hata Festival
1 December
Towa, Fukushima Prefecture

Historical festival in which large brightly-coloured flags are carried in a procession through rice paddies and mountain paths accompanied by conch-blowers.

Akibasan Gongen Hibuse Matsuri
6 December
Ryokaku-in Temple, Odawara, Kanagawa Prefecture

Mountain Priests offer thanks for water and fire by lighting fires, giving demonstrations of their axe, sword and archery skills and offering rice cakes to visitors.

Hiwatari Shinji
10 December
Fukugon Temple, Nishihora, Komaki, Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture

Priests walk over burning embers in a purification rite at Fukugon Temple.

Akou Gishisai
14 December
Ako, Hyogo Prefecture

Traditional dances and warrior parades as an annual memorial to the legendary '47 ronin' (wandering samurai) who commited suicide to avenge their master.

47 Ronin Festival
14 December
Bishamon Temple, Yamashina, Kyoto

A procession commemorating the 47 Ronin with people in traditional costume walking from Bishamon Temple to Oishi jinja in eastern Kyoto.

Iwatsuta Shrine Fire Festival
14 December
Iwatsuta Jinja, Ishizugawa, Osaka

108 wooden bundles are set alight and young men run through the flames in a purification ceremony

Setagaya no Boro Ichi
15-16 December
Setagaya-ku, Tokyo

Countless stalls and shoppers crowd the streets at this flea market that dates back to 1578. A huge range of items to browse and buy including antiques, second-hand goods and food.

Akutai Cursing Festival
mid-December
Atago Shrine, Mt. Atagoyama, Iwama-cho, Kasama, Ibaraki Prefecture

Priests dressed in white and impersonating tengu goblins are cursed and abused. Participants attempt to steal the goblins' offerings, while the goblins attempt to ward off their abusers with bamboo staves.

Kasuga Wakamiya Festival
17 December
Kasuga Taisha, Nara

A chance to see rarely performed traditional dances at a festival that has been observed every year since it began in 1136. A two-hour procession (owatarishiki) through central Nara begins at noon from the Prefectural Office followed by around seven hours of dances.

http://www.narahaku.go.jp/exhib/2007toku/on-matsuri/on-matsuri-02_e.htm

Izumi Kannon Daruma-ichi
17-18 December
Izumi Kannon Temple, Odawara, Kanagawa Prefecture

This temple has been holding daruma (a manifestation of the Buddha) fairs for every year over 400. Attracts large crowds.

Namahage
31 December
Oga Peninsula, Akita Prefecture
An ancient folk tradition still observed in villages all over the peninsula in which young men dressed in frightening namahage costumes visit the homes of children to warn them not to be lazy in the coming year.

Hagurosan Shoureisai
31 December - 1 January
Mt. Haguro, Yamagata Prefecture

A famous fire festival in which two giant chiggers are set alight and pulled about with ropes.

Mabuni Hi to Kane no Matsuri
31 December - 1 January
Itoman-city, Okinawa

Held in remembrance of those who died during the second world war. Participants light torches from a sacred flame (hi) and then pray for peace as the bell (kané) announces the beginning of the New Year.

December 31, Flame ceremony: This is a beautiful event where people visit the Yasaka Shrine in Gion and receive a sacred flame. This is then taken home to light their cooking fires for the New Year

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ASSIGNMENT

Your assignment

(the objective of this assignment is to learn how to plan, produce, advertise and hold an event in SL)

  1. Research a festival of your choice and state in the forum which festive you will work on. Write about the festival in a notecard that you will give to your oneesan, mentor or Okaasan. Do NOT copy word for word from your research source but summarize in your own words.
  2. Plan and produce and advertise and participate in one of the following:
    1. A presentation about a "festival" or
    2. Hold a festival for Amatsu Okiya.
    3. You must obtain the instruction card from Okaasan or your Oneesan on event preparations and follow the guidelines
  3. You must do this assignment before you can move on to the next lesson.
  4. This assignment may be done as a team with one of your Okiya sisters - do not use geisha or students from other okiya
    1. All in the team have to demonstrate they have learned how to plan, produce and advertise an event
  5. Do not make your "festival" event run longer than 2 hours- although if you wish you may do two in order to incorporate European and North American "times". 
  6. After the presentation write a short follow up note to your oneesan, mentor or Okaasan that describes what you learned from this experience

PLEASE DO NOT PURCHASE ANYTHING FOR THE FESTIVAL.

CHECK WITH YOUR ONEESAN OR OKAASAN. USUALLY WE CAN MAKE THINGS OURSELVES OR NEGOTIATE PRICES THROUGH OUR BUSINESS CONTACTS.